As China's first and longest-serving capital city, and one of its oldest cities, Xi'an is the one and true home of China's imperial history. The city is most known for the nearby Terracotta Warriors, which are considered the greatest archaeological find of the 20th century. Xi'an also has a long history of cultural exchange with the Middle East, the results of which you can still see today in the city's Muslim Quarter. Shaanxi Province surrounding Xi'an holds impressive mountains like Huashan and Qinling, which are crisscrossed with impressive hikes and cliffside paths. Monks would camp out in these mountains' caves for months to years at a time, meditating and carving statues into rock. From Xi'an to Shaanxi province as a whole, a wealth of imperial Chinese history awaits your arrival.